HO CHI MINH CITY’S FIRST METRO LINE PROGRESSES

Ho Chi Minch City is in the process of building its first metro line in a planned 9-line urban rail transit system of metro, light rail, & monorails. As part of the Future Southeast Asia annual construction report series, this article refers lớn developments over the past year.

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Here is the 20trăng tròn construction update for the approved lines of the Ho Chi Minch City Metro.

Ho Chi Minc City Metro maps

The metro authority has given a sneak pđánh giá on their Facebook page of what the map of the completed network will look lượt thích.

I also made an unofficial map of the HCMC Metro.

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The proposed stations have sầu been added lớn this Google Map.

Under construction

Line 1

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At the time of this post Line 1 is the only line of the planned network that is under construction. Work officially began in 2012 & the target completion date was for 2017. The estimated completion date is now at the over of 2021. The line was 71% complete in April 20đôi mươi, và the 2021 target date remains.

First metro lines are almost always delayed & over budget, and Ho Chi Minch City is no exception. Despite the metro still not being finished, the HCMC Metro is about average when compared with other first metro lines in Asia.

In the previous year there were delays in the approval of increased funding. The COVID-19 pandemic has also caused problems with skilled workers being stranded outside the country.

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Progress was made on the underground section with the completion of the Opera House station. The work site was removed, and a new square was opened just before Reunification Day on 30 April 20đôi mươi. The square is now closed while it is landscaped into lớn a new park.

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Next lớn the park is an entrance/exit for the Opera House underground station. This is the first tangible evidence of a metro system under Saigon. Hopefully one day there will be hundreds of portals lượt thích this across the city.

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With the metro originally being due for completion in 2017, developers have sầu wasted no time in building new apartment towers around the stations. Here is a full report of construction projects near every Line 1 station.

At the elevated stations, the concrete structures are completed and they are now being fitted out. So far though there is no sign of work beginning on pedestrian overpasses to lớn connect the stations. Most of Line 1 runs alongside the massive sầu Hanoi Highway with its 14 lanes of traffic. It’s too dangerous to cross by foot, so these pedestrian crossings will be essential lớn get passengers across the other side.

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While the opening has been delayed, citizens of Saigon may at least get a glimpse of what the service will look lượt thích when train sets start testing on the elevated section in the third quarter of 20đôi mươi.

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Links and resourcesLine 1 – Official metro authority page.

In planning / approved

Line 2

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Work on Line 2 almost began năm ngoái when a ground-breaking ceremony was held for an administration building. No work started on the railway, and it is not expected to start until 2021.

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Phase 1 of Line 2 will travel from Ben Thanh khô & then under Cach Mang Thang 8 Road (CMT8) and then to lớn District 12 in the northwest of the city.

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There is at least visible progress that this line is going ahead. Lvà is being acquired along the route of CMT8, & demolition of houses at the station sites is underway.

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L& acquisition has been one of the factors in slowing the construction process on Line 1 & Line 2. L& for Line 2 was meant khổng lồ be cleared by June 2020, but it has fallen behind schedule.

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Many buildings have been demolished around the corner of Pđắm đuối Van Hai & CMT8 for Psi Van Hai station.


At Hoang Van Thu, CMT8 becomes Truong Chinc Road. This large intersection will be an interchange for Line 2 and Line 5.

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Links & resourcesLine 2 – Official metro authority page.

Line 3A

Line 3A will be a continuation of Line 1 from Ben Tkhô hanh station. It will be built in two phases, with phase 1 being a 9.7km line lớn Mien Tay bus terminal. Phase 2 will extend the line lớn Tan Kien Ward in Binh Chanh khô District, in the southwestern corner of Ho Chi Minch City.

The plan for the line was submitted in 2017 with a projected completion date of 2026.

A promotional video was released also released in 2017 showing the stations from Ben Tkhô hanh to lớn Mien Tay.

Xem thêm:

<YouTube: Urban railway 3a.>

The most recent news in July 20trăng tròn has the first phase beginning construction in 2025, và will be completed in 2031.

Line 1/3A will size an East-West line across the city, connecting the eastern bus terminal (Mien Dong) with the western bus terminal (Mien Tay). The phase 2 extension khổng lồ Tan Kien Ward is the terminal station for the future/proposed/maybe-oneday station for the Mekong Delta railway khổng lồ Can Tho.

As with the Line 2A in Hanoi, the name 3A is bugging me. This might be a designated project number and not the final line name. If it’s connected to lớn Line 1 it should continue as Line 1.

Links và resourcesLine 3A – Official metro authority page.JICA Report January 2018 – The preparatory survey on Ho đưa ra minch đô thị urban railway construction project (ben thanh – mien tay terminal (line 3a phase 1)).

Line 5

Line 5 will run along the north & western side of the đô thị, enabling commuters khổng lồ travel across parts of the đô thị without going into lớn the centre. The first phase consists of the northern half that connects Bay Hien (Line 2) to lớn Tan Cang at Saigon Bridge (Line 1).

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Most of the capital was pledged in 2013, but since then no significant progress has been made. It was submitted for appraisal in 2017, & more funds and consultants were called for in 2018.

The most recent update from the Management Board of Urban Railway reports that a feasibility study about the project is being considered by authorities. It will then be submitted lớn the prime minister và the National Assembly.

At the Bay Hien worksite (the Line 2/Line 5 junction station) there is a plan showing provision for access from Line 2 khổng lồ Line 5. The Line 5 platforms won’t be built during the Line 2 construction.

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Links and resourcesLine 5 – Official metro authority page.

Ben Thanh hao station và the underground shopping complex

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Ben Tkhô hanh Central Station is being built in conjunction with Line 1. The station will be an interchange for three lines (Line 1/3A, Line 2, Line 4). It’s a massive sầu operation as it requires four underground levels to lớn accommodate the future lines.

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Even though the construction of the station is for three lines, the cost is included as part of the Line 1 budget. It would have sầu been instructive to lớn see what the cost of the line was without this extra project.

On top of the station will be a pedestrian plaza that connects to lớn a relandscaped park, and it will be opposite the new landmark Spirit of Saigon towers. From Ben Thanh khô station there is a proposed underground mall that will connect to Opera House station, running underneath Le Loi St.

After researching first metro systems in Aisa I found that no metro has started with an integrated 3-line interchange with a pedestrian plaza và underground mall in the centre of the đô thị. There is nothing lượt thích this in Southeast Asia, and the city và metro authority should prominently promote this feature when it is closer to completion.

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My main concern is that the station area will be littered with construction material for at least another decade because the other lines haven’t started yet.

To make the most of this central junction station, priority should be given to getting Line 4 started as soon as possible. This would provide more coverage to the thành phố and get the construction at Ben Thanh hao out of the way as soon as possible.

Another problem is the delay of the underground shopping complex under Le Loi Street. This was planned to be built at the same time as Line 1.

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With no investor for the underground mall, the thành phố may be looking at a scenario where Le Loi is still closed off with construction fencing even when the metro is completed.

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Other lines

The rest of the lines are years away from beginning, so rather than rehashing the details over again, you can see the lines on my HCMC Metro report.

If you want khổng lồ see what I think the metro system should look like in the future, visit the Saigon Metro concept maps.

Summary

I will be running a series of annual metro reports for major cities in Southeast Asia (Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Manila, & Singapore). Here is the Hanoi metro update for 20đôi mươi.

If you lượt thích these kind of reports, subscribe khổng lồ the newsletter khổng lồ get weekly updates.