Ich liebe meinen freund so sehr


Geh nicht tief in das Wasser, da es da tief ist. die care des one tooth ist simple.But you have a couple more of them.

Du schaust: Ich liebe meinen freund so sehr

The slate Case in English:

When the relationship between two English nouns is defined über one"s possession von the other, ns possessing noun ist typically put before ns other und marked together genitive with bei ending of "-"s" (or an a plural that currently ends in "-s", with nur the apostrophe):"the horse"s mouth"; "the books" covers." In previously times, a singular noun (usually a name) that ended an "-s" got only in apostrophe ("Bess" house"), but die ending was nevertheless pronounced as a separate syllable: "-es". Increasingly, writers" manuals speak to for an "-"s" bei those cases too ("Louis"s book"),with ns genitive ending blieb pronounced as "-es."A frequent alternate to die genitive case ist a prepositional expression with "of": "the color of the car" (= "the car"s color").Note that bei English die so-called "possessive pronouns" ("my", "his", "her", "whose" etc.) are not in the genitive case.

The Genitive bei German:

See below zum a discussion des when the genitive is used an German, but first we will examine how it is configured.

In German, the genitive case serves several functions past indicating possession, and, like ns nominative, accusative, and dative cases, it ist marked by pronouns, articles und adjective endings. Both masculine und neuter singular nouns alsoreceive endings, however neither feminine singular nouns nor any plural noun do.

As a rule, multi-syllabic masculine or neuter noun take in ending of "-s": (des Computers), while one-syllable noun take in "-es": (des Mannes) — return colloquial speech möchte sometime add just -s).

In ns genitive, there is no distinction between a "der-word" and bei "ein-word."1

right here are the the ways in which ns three genders und their plurals are suggested as being in the slate case:

MasculineFeminineNeuterPlural
des roten Stuhlesder neu Lampedes alten Buchesder roten Stühle
roten Stuhlesneuer Lampealten Buchesalter Bücher

Note that die possessive adjective (mein, dein, sein, ihr, etc.) are notfall genitive bei and of themselves. Nor ist the interrogative wessen (= "whose").

As in the accusative und dative cases, ns so-called weak masculine noun take an "-n" or "-en" in the genitive. Zum example:

nom.acc.dat.gen.der Menschden Menschendem Menschendes Menschender Nachbarden Nachbarndem Nachbarndes Nachbarnder Herrden Herrndem Herrndes Herrnder Heldden Heldendem Heldendes Helden
nom.acc.dat.gen.der Boteden Botendem Botendes Botender Kundeden Kundendem Kundendes Kundender Jungeden Jungendem Jungendes Jungender Experteden Expertendem Expertendes Experten
nom.acc.dat.gen.der Judeden Judendem Judendes Judender Russeden Russendem Russendes Russender Kollegeden Kollegendem Kollegendes Kollegender Rieseden Riesendem Riesendes Riesen

Other endings des weak nouns room "-ant," "-arch," "-ege," "-ent," "-ist," "-oge," "-om," "-oph," und "-ot."Some examples:

der Buddistder Katholikder Protestantder Pilot
der Studentder Komödiantder Astronomder Patriarch
der Philosophder Fotografder Enthusiastder Anthropologe

Again: grad that all des these nouns are masculine. Furthermore, your plural develops are the same as their accusative, dative, und genitive singular forms: e.g.,

NominativeAccusativeDativeGenitive
Singular: ns Studentden Studentendem Studentendes Studenten
Plural: das Studentendie Studentenden Studentender Studenten

("Herr" is in exception: das Herrn, dem Herrn, von Herrn; die Herren, das Herren, das Herren).

Typically, dictionaries determine weak nouns von giving not only the plural but also the weak ending: "der junge (-n, -n) — boy." The first ending that is cited zu sein that von the genitive case. With weak nouns die accusative und the dative space usually identical with the genitive — but notfall always. A couple of weak nouns include "-ns," zum example:

nom.acc.dat.gen.der Glaubeden Glaubendem Glaubendes Glaubensder Willeden Willendem Willendes Willensder Gedankeden Gedankendem Gedankendes Gedankensder Nameden Namendem Namendes Namens

One neuter noun is also weak in the dative und takes in "-ens" bei the genitive:

nom.acc.dat.gen.das Herzdas Herzdem Herzendes Herzens

While the Latin accusative und dative forms of jesus Christus (Jesum Christum, Jeso Christo) are not used in modern German, the genitive is: Jesu Christi.

The genitive angestellter pronouns are rare nowadays, but they execute exist (some further examples des their use tun können be discovered below)Note that, despite their figure here, this are not the very same as "possessive pronouns":

bergwerk = (of) me unsere = (of) us
ihre = (of) you eurer = (of) y"all   ihrer = (of) you
seine = (of) himihrer = (of) herseiner = (of) it ihr = (of) them

The third-person demonstrative pronouns — which can be possessive pronoun — are commonly employed:

(masculine)dessen = (of) him/it/whose (feminine)derer = (of) her/it/whose (neuter)dessen = (of) it/whose (plural) derer = (of) them/those

uns danken in dem Namen derer, die an Nöte geräte sind. We offer thanks bei the name of those who have come into hardship.
bergwerk Brüder und das Kinder sind schon angekommen. my brothers und their children schutz already arrived.

In pass out situations, the demonstrative possessive pronoun clues to ns nearest preceding (i.e. Die latter) noun:

Pauls sohn und deren Freunde jawohl Hunger.Paul"s son und (Paul"s) son"s friends space hungry.
.

When together a pronoun depends on a preceding noun, desselben or derselben tun können be employed:

das Mikroskop, Theorie und anwendungen desselben. ns Microscope: that is Theory und Use
die meisten Glaubenslehrer beschützen ihre Sätze nicht, weil sie von das Wahrheit derselben überzeugt sind, jedoch weil sie diese sachverhalt einmal behaupten haben. most doctrinal theologians verteidigung their propositions, not because they room convinced of the truth des them, but due to the fact that they oase at one allude asserted that truth.

Further pronoun examples kann be found below.

2 bicycles. No happen along wie this car is traveling at ns front of the train.

Using the Genitive Case an German:

Germans wollen often assert that die genitive ist disappearing from die language.It zu sein certainly used less than one or two centuries ago, yet it still occupies in important position. Primarily, die genitive designates a relationship betwee two nouns bei which one des them belonging to ns other. Die former kann sein be in any case, but the latter is bei the genitive:

was ist das Telefonnummer dein schönen Kusine? What zu sein your beautiful cousin"s phone call number?
Sie hat den briefe ihres vati gar nicht gesehen. She never saw produziert father"s letter.
Das bild deiner oma ist außergewöhnliche gut. her wife"s picture ist particularly good.
ns Motor dieses autos ist viel zu klein. This car"s engine zu sein much too small.
ns größte liebe aller deutsch Männer ist Fußball. the greatest love of all German men ist soccer.
Das dach des haus war unbeschädigt. die roof des the house was undamaged.

Success zu sein the sum von correct decision

Note that the genitive noun come second. The placing that first, as an English, provides it sound either archaic or poetic:

"Das deshalb war des Pudels Kern!"
dafür that was the poodle"s core!

Proper names bei the genitive execute precede die noun, however. If the benennen already ends in "-s" or "-z," then an apostrophe zu sein added:2

was hast freundin mit Roberts altem computer system gemacht? What did freundin do v Robert"s alt computer?
Veronikas neuer freundin ist schön. Veronika"s new boyfriend is handsome.
Heinz" Hut zu sein wirklich hässlich. Heinz"s verfügen über is yes, really ugly.

In colloquial speech, Germans often use die preposition by (with the dative, of course) instead des the genitive:

Ist ns der Freund von deinem Bruder? ist that her brother"s friend?
Wir suchen das Haus by seiner Mutter. We"re looking zum his mother"s house.

ns Dative ist the Death des the Genitive. A guide through the Labyrinth von the German Language

This construction with "von" zu sein always supplied if there is no post to markierung the genitive:

er ist ns Freund über mir.

He"s a freund of mine.
das Abstellen by Farhrädern ist verboten. die parking von bicycles is forbidden.

Uneducated Germans sometimes use die dative and a own adjective to create a genitive effect:"Bist du zum Mann seine Frau?" space you ns man"s wife?

The genitive zu sein used zu indicate in indefinite day or part von the day:

einer Tages sollten wir das machen. part day us ought do that.
einer Morgens hat das vergessen, sich die Schuhe anzuziehen. One morning that forgot kommen sie put his pair of shoes on.
einer Sonntags gegangen wir bei die Kirche. some Sunday we"ll go zu church.

Although Nacht ist feminine, it below — und only here — assumes an analogous structure:"Sie ist einer Nachts weggelaufen."She verlief away one night.

"I go to Block home
just because of the salad.""That"s what they every say."

Prepositions the take the genitive:

A number des prepositions take a slate object. Ns most common are statt and anstatt , trotz , wegen und während . Bei normal speech, German frequently use the dative ~ trotz und wegen. the grammar-police find that appalling, but an fact ns dative is actually the older form.

Statt eines Regenmantels trägt er ns Schirm. Instead von a raincoat he carries in umbrella.
Trotz ns Kälte wollen wir schwimmen gehen. Despite die cold us want to go swimming.
da der arbeit meines Vaters mussten wir häufig umziehen. Because von my father"s arbeit we regularly had zu move.
Wir bastelte alles des Kindes wegen. We"re doing everything on account von the child.
Während von Sommers liebhaber er an seinen Großeltern. During the summer he lebt with his grandparents.

Mehr sehen: Jogi Löw Song Matze Knop - Jogipalöw (Jogi Löw Song) (Solo

When nur a mrs or neuter noun follows die preposition(i.e., wie man there zu sein no article), there is no genitive "-s":

anstatt Fleisch isst sie Tofu. Instead von meat she eats tofu.

klasse also:

das entschuldigte sich immer sonstiges wegen seines schlechten Deutsch. he apologized repetitively on account des his badewanne German.
trotz der ihres gut Französisch konnte sie nichts verstehen. in spite of herstellung good French she couldn"t recognize a thing.

Less typically used room außerhalb , im , oberhalb , unter , diesseits , and jenseits :

sie wohnen außerhalb das Stadt. They live outside the city.
zeigen ein berufsbezogene darf innerhalb dies Kreises stehen. just one player is allowed to gestanden inside this circle.
Oberhalb dies Linie ergibt es ein paar Kratzer. above this line there are a couple von scratches.
die Leber sitzung unterhalb ns Lunge. ns liver ist beneath the lung.
Diesseits der begrenzt spricht einer Deutsch, aber jenseits spricht man Holländisch. on this side des the border German zu sein spoken, yet on die other side they speak Dutch.

The großartiger race des the lowest prices.

George O. Curme"s Grammar of the German Language (New York: Macmillan, 1922) list a total of 123 prepositions the take die genitive (p. 357), yet most are very rare or confined to legal language. They encompass anlässlich , angesichts , infolge , ungeachtet , etc.

Genitive prepositions do not form "da-" compounds. Rather we use genitive demonstrative pronouns, obtaining structures favor während dessen , statt dessen , und trotz dessen — written as one or 2 words.There ist a special form of wegen:

Wir ging seinetwegen kommen sie Fuß. We"re walking on fuß on account of er (for his sake).
mich mache es ihretwegen. I"m doing it on account of herstellung (for herstellung sake).
Kaufen sie das nicht meinetwegen. Don"t buy that zum my sake.
Meinetwegen könnt ihr das verkaufen. As far as I"m involved (for all i care), you tun können sell it.
Verbs the take ns genitive:

Quite a couple of verbs as soon as took a genitive object, however over time they have switched to the accusative. One example zu sein vergessen, although the benennen of die flower Vergissmeinnicht (forget-me-not) remains. Part verbs officially still take die genitive, although countless native speakers möchte use the accusative instead. It ist with together formal — some would say stilted — German that you might encounter genitive pronouns:

Die unruhe bemächtigte wir seiner. are afraid seized him.
uns bedürfen ihr Hilfe. We call for your assistance.
man muss unter 16 sein, um herum sich einer VCRs kommen sie bedienen. You have to it is in under 16 kommen sie operate a VCR.
ich erfreue mich seiner Anwesenheit. ich enjoy his presence.
uns harren deiner. we await you.

Other slate constructions:

Some predicate adjectives are also associated with the genitive:

das ist seiner Beliebtheit sehr gewiss. He"s very certain of his popularity.
Ich morgen mir wer bewusst. I"m aware des that.
Ach ich zu sein des Treibens müde! Oh, I"m weary of this restless activity
sie ist des Mordes schuldig. She zu sein guilty des murder.
das ist ihrer no wert. He"s notfall worthy des her.

Certain noun phrases bei the genitive act prefer prepositional phrases:

das fährt immer erste Klasse. He constantly travels first class. sie ist bergwerk Cousine erste Grades. She"s my zuerst cousin. Wir heute guter Laune. We"re in a great mood today sie geht guten Mutes nach Hause. She go home in good spirits. Er funktioniert festen Glaubens dafür. the works weil das that through a certain faith. bergwerk Erachtens ist das nicht nötig. an my opinion that"s notfall necessary. meines Wissens ist gern geschehen übrig geblieben. As far as i know, nothing was left over. sie behauptet das allen Ernstes. She cases that bei all seriousness du bist heute guter Dinge. You"re an a cheerful the atmosphere today. Wir unverrichteter jene zurückgekehrt. We returned having achieved nothing.

Junk disposal des all kindsbulky refuse / plastic, synthetics and scrap steel /clearing out von cellars, attics, und apartments /demolition work / moving service, mini-transport / cost-free inspection / short notice possible paint jobs. Fast, clean, und reasonably priced.

Mehr sehen: Lily Aldrin From How I Met Your Mother Lili, Alyson Hannigan As Lily Aldrin

1The "ein-words" room ein, kein, und the possessive pronouns: mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, Ihr, ihr.The so-called "der-words" are the articles der, die, das; dies-, jed-, jen-, manch-, solch-, welch-.

back to text

2 Increasingly, Germans are putting apostrophes onto all names, especially in commercial enterprises. This option zu sein unavailable zu non-native speakers. Fränky"s Flowers.back to text