Geography ExpertM.A., Geography, California zustand University - east BayB.A., English and Geography, California zustand University - Sacramento
Amanda Briney, M.A., ist a professional geographer. She stop a Certificate of Advanced Study bei Geographic information Systems (GIS) native California zustand University.

Du schaust: Ind region am ganges

The Ganges River, so called Ganga, is a fluss located bei northern India the flows toward die border with Bangladesh. It ist the longest river an India und flows weil das around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from ns Himalayan hills to the Bay of Bengal. The river has the second best water discharge in the world, und its basin ist the most greatly populated in the welt with over 400 million civilization living an it.

The Ganges River zu sein extremely vital to ns people des India together most von the world living ~ above its bank use the for täglich needs such as bathing and fishing. It is deshalb significant zu Hindus, as they consider it their many sacred river.

The kurse of the Ganges river

The headwaters des the Ganges river begin high bei the Himalayan hills where die Bhagirathi fluss flows out von the Gangotri Glacier bei India's Uttarakhand state. The glacier sit at in elevation des 12,769 feet (3,892 m). Die Ganges fluss proper starts farther downstream where the Bhagirathi und Alaknanda rivers join. As die Ganges operation out von the Himalayas, it create a narrow, rough canyon.

phibìc Indian fluss Plain

The Ganges fluss emerges from die Himalayas at die town von Rishikesh wherein it begins kommen sie flow onto die Indo-Gangetic Plain. This area, also called ns North Indian river Plain, zu sein a really large, reasonably flat, productive plain the makes trost most of the northern und eastern parts von India as well as parts of Pakistan, Nepal, und Bangladesh. In addition kommen sie entering ns Indo-Gangetic Plain in this area, part von the Ganges river is also diverted toward the Ganges Canal zum irrigation in the Uttar Pradesh state.

changes Direction

As ns Ganges fluss then operation farther downstream, it alters its direction number of times and is joined von many various other tributary rivers together as the Ramganga, Tamsa, and Gandaki Rivers, to nennen a few. There are so several cities and towns that ns Ganges fluss passes with on its way downstream. Some von these include Chunar, Kolkata, Mirzapur, and Varanasi. Plenty of Hindus visit ns Ganges River in Varanasi as that city is considered ns holiest von cities. As such, die city's culture is so closely tied into the river as it is the most sacred river in Hinduism.

Flows into Bay von Bengal

Once die Ganges fluss flows out des India und into Bangladesh, its main branch ist known as ns Padma River. Ns Padma River ist joined downstream von large rivers like the Jamuna and Meghna rivers. After joining the Meghna, that takes ~ above that nennen before flowing into die Bay von Bengal. Before entering the Bay des Bengal however, the fluss creates ns world's largest delta, Ganges Delta. This regionen is a highly productive sediment-laden area that abdecken 23,000 square miles (59,000 sq km).

complex Hydrology

It should be noted that the prozess of ns Ganges river described an the over paragraphs is a basic description of the river's route from its source where ns Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers join kommen sie its outlet at ns Bay of Bengal. Die Ganges has very complicated hydrology, and there space several different descriptions des its as whole length and the size von its drainage basin based upon what tributary rivers space included. Die most widely accepted length von the Ganges River is 1,569 miles (2,525 km), and its drainage basin zu sein estimated kommen sie be about 416,990 square mile (1,080,000 sq km).

The population of ns Ganges river

The Ganges fluss basin has actually been inhabited über humans since old times. The erste people in the regionen were des the Harappan civilization. They moved into the Ganges fluss basin from die Indus fluss basin around die 2nd millennium BCE. Later, die Gangetic plain became die center des the Maurya Empire und then the Mughal Empire. The first European zu discuss die Ganges fluss was Megasthenes in his work Indica.

Source of Life

In modern times, the Ganges fluss has become a source of life weil das the practically 400 million civilization living in its basin. They rely on die river zum their jeden tag needs such together drinking water supplies and food und for irrigation und manufacturing. Today, ns Ganges river basin zu sein the most populated river basin an the world. It has actually a population density von about 1,000 people von square mile (390 per sq km).

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die Significance von the Ganges fluss

Aside from providing drinking water and irrigating fields, ns Ganges River ist extremely important zu India's Hindu population for spiritual reasons together well. Die Ganges River ist considered their many sacred river, and it ist worshiped as the goddess Ganga Ma or "Mother Ganges." 

According to the Myth of the Ganges, ns goddess Ganga lower from heaven kommen sie dwell an the waters des the Ganges fluss to protect, purify und bring zu heaven those who touch it. Devout Hindus visit the river daily to offer flowers und food to Ganga. They deshalb drink die water und bathe an the fluss to cleanse and purify their sins.

'Pitriloka,' ns World of the Ancestors

Hindus glauben that top top death die waters des the Ganges river are needed to reach ns World von the Ancestors, Pitriloka. Together a result, Hindus carry their dead to the river weil das cremation along its banks und afterward their ashes space spread in the river. In some cases, corpses are deshalb thrown into ns river. The city of Varanasi is the holiest des cities along the Ganges River and many Hindus take trip there kommen sie place ashes des their dead in the river.

Along with täglich baths an the Ganges River und offerings to die goddess Ganga, over there are huge religious festival that occur in the fluss throughout the year where millions des people travel zu the fluss to bathe so that they kann sein be purified of their sins.

Pollution von the Ganges fluss

Despite ns religious significance and daily importance of the Ganges River zum the people des India, it is one von the many polluted rivers bei the world. Pollution von the Ganges is caused by both human und industrial rubbish due to India"s fast growth also as religious events. India currently has a population of end 1 billion people, and 400 million of them live in the Ganges fluss basin. As a result, much of their waste, including raw sewage, zu sein dumped into ns river. Also, many world bathe and use the river to clean your laundry. Fecal coliform bacteria levels near Varanasi are at least 3,000 mal higher than what ist established by the welt Health company as safe (Hammer, 2007).

little Regulation

Industrial practices bei India deshalb have little regulation and as the population grows these sectors do together well. Over there are many tanneries, chemical plants, textile mills, distilleries und slaughterhouses along ns river und many von them dump your untreated und often toxizität waste into die river. The water des the Ganges has actually been tested zu contain high levels of things favor chromium sulfate, arsenic, cadmium, mercury and sulfuric mountain (Hammer, 2007).

In addition to human und industrial waste, some religious activities so increase ns pollution von the Ganges. Weil das example, Hindus believe that they need to take offerings of food und other items kommen sie Ganga and as a result, this items space thrown right into the river on a regular basis and more so during spiritual events. Human remains are also often inserted into ns river.

Ganga activity Plan

In the late 1980s, India's element minister, Rajiv Gandhi began the Ganga activity Plan (GAP) zu clean up die Ganges River. Ns plan shut down countless highly polluting commercial plants along ns river und allotted funding weil das the construction von wastewater therapy facilities, yet its initiatives have fallen short as ns plants are notfall large enough to handle the waste coming from such a large population (Hammer, 2007). Many von the polluting industrial plants are deshalb continuing to dump their hazardous garbage into ns river.

Despite this pollution, however, the Ganges fluss remains vital to ns Indian people and also different species von plants und animals such as ns Ganges fluss dolphin, a really rare species des freshwater delfin that zu sein native only kommen sie that area. Kommen sie learn more about the Ganges River, review "A Prayer zum the Ganges" from

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Briney, Amanda. "Geography des the Ganges River.", Dec. 6, 2021,, Amanda. (2021, December 6). Geography of the Ganges River. Retrieved indigenous, Amanda. "Geography des the Ganges River." Https:// (accessed December 13, 2021).